What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) or Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) are infections or illnesses that are spread predominantly between humans through sexual intercourse or contact. These can be transmitted through the anal sex, oral sex or vaginal contact. It can also be spread through the use of needles after it has been used by the infected person, also via breastfeeding and childbirth.
There are different sexually transmissible fungi, protozoans, viruses, bacteria and parasites.


The infections or diseases that are cause by the sexually transmissible organisms
a. Fungi - Cadidiasis
b. Protozoans - Trichomoniasis
c. Viruses - Herpes simplex, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), HPV (Human Papillomavirus), Viral hepatitis.
d. Bacteria - Gonorrhoea, Chancroid, Granuloma inguinale, Chlamydial infection, Syphilis
e. Parasite - Crab louse, Cabies
What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)@healthscholar.blogspot.com

At the same time Syphilis and HIV, are also able to be spread or transmitted from an infected mother to child through blood transfusion, during pregnancy and childbirth.

The sexually transmitted infection have been well known for hundred years and 448 million new sexually transmitted infections that are able to be treated medically like gonorrhoea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis and syphilis infections occur yearly. Almost half of new infections are among young people between the age of 15 to 24. Women are also harshly affected by STDs.
STD can cause departure from the state of normal health and untreated STD can cause infertility, cancer, pregnancy problem and many dangerous infections.

General Symptoms of STD
Not all the STD infection has symptom that is why screening for STDs is so important.
  • Vaginal itching
  • Pain when urinating
  • Discharge with a fishy odor, 
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge, 
  • Burning when urinating, 
  • Bleeding between periods, 
  • Yellow, green, or gray vaginal discharge with a strong odor.
  • Lower abdominal pain, 
  • Low back pain, Muscle aches, 
  • Bleeding between periods, 
  • Heavy bleeding during periods, 
  • Quick weight loss, 
  • Genital or anal sores, 
  • Tiredness, 

Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Avoid Contact of Body Part or fluid that can lead to transfer of the infection with another partner. Try to stay away from oral, or anal sex. Not all the the STD are spread by sexual intercourse, genital herpes, can be spread without having intercourse.
Get Tested For STD Before Sexual Intercourse This is very important from disallowing the transmission of sexually transmitted disease from an infected partner to another. Also try to have one sexual partner who has be tested also for STD and is not infected. By doing this, you will decrease the risk of getting infected Having a sexual relationship with one partner who has been tested for STDs and is not infected is. Faithfulness between the two partner is very necessary and you will only have sex with each other.
Proper usage of condom Try to use condoms for all types of sexual contact, because it is the most helpful material that can limit rate of the infection. Although some disease may occur even with a condom and that is why you need be careful. Use condoms from the start or any sexual intercourse to the end and with every sex partner.
Vaccines This is a substance that is used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases. They protect the body against some viral STDs. Immunization before starting any sexual contact is advised to assure maximal protection.


Be careful about assumption of low risk to STD with one woman You may think that you are free from STD if since you always have sex with one woman but some STDs are spread without difficulty by skin-to-skin contact.

Engaging in an annual pelvic exam. Be informed by your doctor if you should get test for STDs and how frequent you should be retested. Testing for many STDs is straightforward because some of STDs don't have symptoms until they are widely spread in the body and the test can be done during your checkup. The quicker an STD is discovered, the painless it is to treat.
Stay away from using drugs or drinking too much alcohol. Medically using or drug and drinking of alcohol is not good at all because leads to malfunctioning of some organ in the body. A drunkard will be out of mind with or someone that is using harmful, these activities may lead to dangerous sexual behavior, such as not using of a condom.

Feel free to give a comment about the post and you can also let us know more about the symptoms and prevention of STDs by leaving your comment on this post. We will be very grateful to read your feedback about this. 

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