How Sleep Disorders (Insomnia) Can Affect You

Insomnia is the inability to sleep, most especially during the night hours. The physiology of sleep is the Hypothalamus in the central nervous system. Hypothalamus is the seat of control of sleep and wakefulness. For the period of sleeping, our body is under generalized inertia with muscular relaxation. Hypothalamus as pointed is the factor that controls wakefulness and sleep. The work done by hypothalamus is through the reticular formation which has connection with the thalamus ascending and descending fibres. When adequate amount of sleep has been stored, the reticular formation blocks impulse going to the cerebral cortex as well as those going to the skeletal muscles. This abolishes the neuro-muscular extability resulting in muscles relaxation and sleep. With sleep consciousness is lost and changes in an individual physiological function occur e.g respiration which becomes deep and more regular, fall in pulse rate and blood pressure, relaxation of the jaw and the throat which bring about snoring, blood flow through the muscles reduce and to the skin increase.

The table below shows the normal daily sleeping period in ages

Newborn baby
2 to 9 years old
10 to 15 years old
16 to 65 years old
65 years and above
Normal Sleeping Hours
13 to 17
6 to 13
10 to 11
6 to 9
6 to 8

Sleep Disorder can affect you in the following ways

  • Problem in sleeping time
  • Difficulty staying asleep
  • Early waking up during the daybreak and inability to get back to sleep at night
  • Not feeling rested or refreshed when you wake up despite getting enough hours of sleep
  • Tiredness and sleepy mode during the day
  • Feeling bad-tempered or nervous
  • Headaches
  • Problem in focal point or concentrating during the day
  • High body temperature

Typically, sleep disorder or insomnia isn't related with serious difficulty. These problems of sleep disorder are most familiar with men, particularly those who are older (middle-aged) or overweight. A person with sleep disorder can take account of poor school performance including poor job.

Factors Responsible For Sleep Disorders
  • Hunger
  • Heat
  • Pains
  • Sleeping during the day (for hours)
  • Noisy environment
  • Frustration
  • Bright light
  • Sudden changes of environment
  • Full bladder and sontipation
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Hallucinations
  • Uncomfortable bed
  • Full bladder and constipation
  • Delusions and illusions
  • High temperature
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Anxiety state
  • Senility
  • Intractable illness-cancers
  • Drug Abuse

Measures to promote sleep among you
  • Live in a therapeutic environment
  • Prevent Hunger
  • Ensure that you do not go to bed with full bladder
  • Take your night drug as prescribed
  • Psychotherapy to find out any problem
  • Ensure good ventilation
  • Try to verbalize your fears by expressing it to someone near to you
  • Relieving of pain if any
  • Shade bright light
  • Comfortable bed
  • Avoid constipation
  • Encourage group psychotherapy

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